THEORIES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT. PISMP Wan Nur Amalina Wan Mansor Fuzilla Ayub Salwa Wahidan Nur Asyiqin Mohd Razli. JACOB. Models of classroom discipline and its application The Kounin Model (Group Management) By Jacob Kounin; 3. Introduction to Kounin’s Model. Choice Theory. William Glasser Systems Theory. Solution Kounin, Jacob S. ( ) Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. Holt, Rinehart and.

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In a high school setting, a teacher needs to incorporate all of the aspects of Kounin’s philosophy in their teaching practice.

Students that feel they are learning will make theofy between old and new material. In other languages Add links. This takes a special ability to diffuse potentially distracting situations in which teachers need to bring students back to the task at hand.

Kounin found that teaching style directly affects student behaviour, and that teachers who are organised, have well planned lessons, and are constantly aware of all students and happenings in their classroom will have success in preventing unwanted and off task behaviour. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Momentum is the flow of a lesson.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Grab your pen and take note pf the following mznagement keys. His best-known work was done in the s, where he conducted two major case studies. In order for implementation to be effective the teacher must be well organized, communicate their expectations to their students, and hold them responsible for their actions to encourage motivation and attention. Withitness- At one point of the day, one student would always start to play with kojnin pencils in their desk.

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These videos contain things you should avoid in dealing with student. If students are struggling the teacher can reflect on what they can do to make the lesson more meaningful and easier to understand for their students. Overlapping – The teacher can have a procedure where the they are able to have to situations going on at the same time.

Another thing that can ruin smoothness is when a teacher does not have a plan or course of action, it can seem as though the lecture is jumping from one topic to the next.


According to Kounin, when students are off-task, the teacher should send a clear message that communicates to students the awareness that they are not working and that they need to become engaged.

Group focus – This strategy can be implemented in several ways: This also konuin distractions from outside the classroom such as notes from the office or students walking through the hallways.

An effective lesson pulls the student along. This overlapping ties into the momentum aspect. He believed that in order for a teacher to have an effective connection between management and teaching, there needed to be good Lesson Movement. Teachers can lose track of time when performing a lesson.

Management I Classroom Management is a primary concern for beginning teachers Classroom Management is a primary concern for beginning teachers. Jacob Kounin [Group Management] Jacob Kounin, author of Discipline and Group Management mxnagement Classrooms developed a theory focused on preventing unwanted behaviour by implementing effective lesson management. This first observation led Kounin to conduct experiments over 5 years with students from all levels, but later Kounin changed his focus to seeing how teachers actually prepared or proactively managed their classrooms before behavior occurred.

Often classroom misbehavior increases cclassroom a classroom moves from one task or activity to another. In Middle School, however, it usually becomes more necessary to make an example of a student who willingly breaks a rule so that other students know they will share the same fate if they do so as well.

This confidence will allow them to contribute to the momentum of the classroom.


Jacob Kounin identified a cluster of proactive teacher behaviors that kounkn effective classroom managers from ineffective ones.

When one student is about to throw a paper airplane or punch his friend in the shoulder, the teacher can make eye contact with him and shake his head. Retrieved on June 9,from Kounin, J. Why is classroom management important? The teacher can have procedures that will allow the teacher to be effective when two situations occur at the same time.

A teacher can keep a timer and assign roles to students to keep the students moving and on a time deadline. Classroom Management Theorists and Theories. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. The teacher should know each student on a personal basis managemenh.


When helping an individual student, the teacher faces the rest of the class.

Classroom Management Theorist JACOB KOUNIN.

In an elementary setting, the teacher could pair up the class in groups of students and assign a team name. These studies emphasized how teachers could manage students, lessons and classrooms to reduce the incidence of bad classrom.

The final aspect that results in Lesson Movement and effective teaching through integrating management and learning is group focus. The teacher can use other non-verbal techniques to show students that they are alert and care about the well-being of all students. Once they have finished a task they can turn to each other or they could pair up with those who are already done and compare answers. Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. Magnetic letters for spelling center, dice or play money for Math, etc.

Overlapping is the process of attending to two or more events at the same time. From educational psychologist to a well-known theorist today, Kounin brought a novel idea that incorporated both the instructional and disciplinary aspects of the classroom together. A green card could stand for Lizzy, Gary, and Greg to be at the Math station.

These are the main theories and history of Jacob Kounin. From this observation, he theort that there must be something a teacher could do to prevent misbehavior in the first place, which would lead to more effective classroom management. The teacher should have communicated to all students the expectations and can have these displayed so everyone can be “with-it”. Also, the “overlapping” ability to do more than one thing at once is essential, since most middle school students will capitalize on the opportunity to get away with outlawed behavior while the teacher’s back is turned.

Once the students are doing their work the teacher managejent go to the tardy student and tell them what they missed or answer any questions from the homework assigned the night before.

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