Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. 1 Morphology; 2 Traditional uses; 3 Chemical constituents; 4 References Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Naruneendi Nannari; ^ Kottakkal, [ edited by]. Hemidesmus indicus Medicinal Rating, *. Habit, Climber. Height, m. Cultivation Status, Cultivated, Wild. Cultivation Details. Not known. Edible Uses. Sariva is known as Indian Sarsaparilla – Hemidesmus indicus. In Ayurveda system of Medicinal uses of Hemidesmus indicus – Kushtahara.
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Agri and Aquaculture Journals Dr. Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals Ann Jose ankara escort. Herbal medicines; Ancient ayurveda ; Medicinal plants; Hemidesmus indicus ; Medicinal properties. Herbal Medicines use different alkaloids of medicinal plants for prevention and treatment of disease. It varies in large range; from traditional medicines of ancient times to present day standardized herbal drugs. In the age of clinical medicines, main blockage to use clinical hemidesms is drug resistance.
So, multidrug resistance somehow hampers random usse of clinical medicines anymore; putting forward more use of herbal medicine.
Use of herbal medicine is cheaper for its easy availability. Modern day medicine already accepted herbalism as a form of alternative medicine.
Clinical medicines however use many plant-derived metabolites in pharmaceutical drugs, for example- opium, aspirin, digitalis, quinine etc; but scope of using herbal medicine is more extended as it consists of many more unexplored herbs, minerals, fungal and algal products. Different archaeological evidences indicate use of medicinal plants approximately five thousand years ago.
Mesopotamians in BC listed many plants for their medicinal uses. Also in ancient Egypt, herbs are mentioned in Egyptian medical papyri, where on rare occasions medical jars found containing trace amounts of herbs [ 1 ].
The earliest known Greek herbal medicines were those of Diocles of Carystus, written during 3rd century BC and one more by Krateuas in 1st century BC [ 2 ]. Seeds were likely to be used as herbal medicines; have been found in archaeological sites of Bronze Age China of Shang Dynasty [ 3 ]. More than hundred of drugs mentioned in Huangdi Neijing, an early Chinese medical book, were herbs.
Ayurveda is traditional medicine system of Hindu Vedic tradition. The samhita of the Atharvaveda itself contains hymns about magical cure of diseases. Origin of Ayurveda has been traced back to 5, BC, originating as an oral tradition and later as medical texts. There are two principal early texts on ayurveda: Plastic surgery, couching a form of cataract surgerypuncturing to release fluids in abdomen, treatment of anal fistulas, treating fractures, amputations, cesarean sections and stitching of wounds were known [ 4 ].
Ayurveda points use of plantbased medicines and treatments. Plant-based medicines are derived from root, leave, fruit, bark and seed parts of plant. In some cases, alcohol was used as a narcotic for patients undergoing operation [ 4 ]. InWHO developed guidelines for assessment of herbal medicines.
Two of the ten most widely selling herbal medicines in developed countries, namely Allium sativum and Aloe barbadensis are both available in India. The future medicinal system solely depends on alternative medicine, specifically plant-derived herbal medicines; as it is less toxic uuses having fewer side effects.
Common medicinal hemidesmsu that are used hugely, are- Hemidesmus indicusZingiber officinale, Rauvolfia serpentina, Swertia chirayita, Cassia angustifolia, Acorus calamus, Adhatoda vasica, Aconitum species, Picrorhiza kurroa, Colchicum luteum, Rheum emodi etc.
In traditional systems of medicine, the drugs are primarily dispensed as water or ethanolic extract. Fresh plant parts, juice or crude powder are also available. Thus medicinal plant parts usds be authentic and free from harmful materials like pesticides, heavy metals, microbial or radioactive contamination.
The bioactive extract should be standardized on the basis of active principle or major compounds along with fingerprints. The next important step is stabilization of the bioactive extract with a minimum shelf-life of over a year. The stabilized bioactive extract should undergo regulatory or limited safety studies in animals.
Hemidesmus indicus – Wikipedia
It is a slender, laticiferous, semi-erect endangered shrub; specifically known for its immense medicinal values. Methanolic root extract of H. Moreover, it significantly enhanced antitumor activity of three commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs- methotrexate, 6-thioguanine, cytarabine [ 7 ].
Chloroform extract of H. It was found that acetone, ethyl hemidemus and methanol fraction of H. The drug was found to be safe and effective against E. It was found that H. It is found that ethyl acetate extract of H. Oral administration of H. Comparative studies on anti-inflammatory activity of H. Mice were infected with Mycobacterium leprae and observed that cutaneous hypersensitivity stimulation was delayed.
It also had immunomodulatory and immunosuppressant activities. Phogocytosis was too decreased [ 11 ]. Doxorubicin Dox is uss anthracycline antibiotic widely used in treatment of cancers including hematological malignancies, many carcinomas and soft tissue sarcomas. However, the clinical use is restricted due to its toxicities to cardiac tissues.
It also chelates iron and has reducing power. These in vitro assays indicate that the extract contains constituents that can be a significant source of natural antioxidant [ 12 ]. Lupeol acetate isolated from H. It also neutralized Naja kaouthia venom induced cardiotoxicity, neurotoxicity and respiratory issues in experimental models [ 13 ].
Methoxy benzoic acid of H. CCl 4 and paracetamol induced hepatic damage can be cured upto an extent too by H. There are vast experience-based evidences for many of these drugs. Large numbers of Institutes or Universities are there too in India, carrying out research on herbal drugs and medicinal plants.
In order to ensure quality and safety of herbal medicines; their production and sale should be legally controlled, as done for clinical medicines, by hemidesmmus rules and regulations.
Also more research must be carried on toxic side effects of using any herbal drugs. All these safety measurements can establish alternative mddicinal herbal drugs in a better future scenario.
University of Oklahoma Press.
Hemidesmus indicus: A Rich Source of Herbal Medicine
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 1: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine Indian Journal of Pharmacology Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Gupta PN Antileprotic action of an extract from Anantamul. Indian Journal of Leprosy Journal of Ethnopharmacology Evaluation of its Nootropic indlcus in mice. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences 1: